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AKayhan    86

Ben zaman zaman burada "Consumer Reports"dan alintilar yapmak istiyorum. Bu nedenle daha detayli bilgi verme geregi duydum. "Consumer Reports" ABD'de yayinlanip en çok satan 10 dergiden birisinin ismi ve yine benzerlerine göre en çok aboneye sahip ConsumerReports.org web sitesinin ismi. Consumer Reports dünyanın en büyük ürün test laboratuvarlarina sahip bir kurulus, toplu igneden otomobillere kadar her seyi test edebiliyorlar. Benzer diger kurumlarin aksine Consumer Reports test ettigi ürünler için hibe kabul etmiyor, hepsini pazardan para verip satin aliyor. Sanirim güçlü yanlarindan biri de bu. Asagida Consumer Reports ile ilgili Ingilizce bir tanitim var.

"Consumer Reports is an independent, nonprofit organization that works side by side with consumers to create a fairer, safer, and healthier world. We do it by fighting to put consumers’ needs first in the marketplace and by empowering them with the trusted knowledge they depend on to make better, more informed choices.

For 80 years, we have provided evidence-based product testing and ratings, rigorous research, hard-hitting investigative journalism, public education, and steadfast policy action on behalf of consumers’ interests.

Unconstrained by advertising or other commercial influences, we have exposed landmark public health and safety issues and have strived to be a catalyst for pro-consumer changes in the marketplace. From championing responsible auto safety standards, to winning food and water protections, to enhancing healthcare quality, to fighting back against predatory lenders in the financial markets, Consumer Reports has always been on the front lines, raising the voices of consumers."

Consumer Reports tarafindan yapilan otomobil degerlendirmeleri, ABD'de yüksek sayginliga sahiptir ve bilinçli tüketicilerin basvurdugu en önemli bilgi kaynaklarindandir.

Ben Consumer Reports'dan alintilar yaparken mümkün oldugunca hem orijinal Ingilizce makaleyi, hem de onun bir Türkçe özetini vermeye çalisacagim.  Makalenin tümünü Türkçe'ye çevirmek benim zaman darligim nedeniyle mümkün olmayabilir ama tabii sorusu olanlar varsa yanitlarim.

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Burak    3.916

Böyle bir katkıdan dolayı size teşekkür etmek düşer bize de. Merakla bekliyoruz.

Siz özetini yapın, ihtiyaç olursa biz de destekleriz tercümeyi. Arzu ederseniz Consumer Reports şeklinde bir etiket de oluşturup konu başlığında gösterebiliriz ( oluştururken siz de hem etiket hem de etike ön eki olarak seçebilirsiniz. )

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AKayhan    86

Rica ederim.  Hemen bir makale ile baslayalim.  Makalenin basligi "10 Top Picks of 2017: Best Cars of the Year" yani 2017 Senesinin En Üst 10 Araci.  Consumer Reports 2017 araçlarini 4 kritere göre degerlendirip içlerinden 10 adedini seçti.  Bu 4 kriter sunlar:

Yol Testi, Güvenilirlik, Müsteri Tatmini, Güvenlik.

Asagiya makalenin orijinalini kopyaliyorum.

"What It Takes to Be Tops

Overall Score: To be a Top Pick, a model has to have an exemplary Overall Score in its category. This single number consolidates the findings from four key pillars: road-test performance, predicted reliability, owner satisfaction, and safety. A car that bests the competition by these measures is truly extraordinary.

Road Test: Performance for each car is rated based on more than 50 evaluations conducted at our 327-acre Auto Test Center, ranging from instrumented track tests to assessments of comfort and convenience while in daily use by our staff.

Reliability: We predict how trouble-free new cars will be based on actual problems reported by subscribers in our 2016 auto survey on more than half a million vehicles. Predictions for new or redesigned models depend on the manufacturer’s track record or previous generations.

Owner Satisfaction: Simply put, a good car should make its owner happy. We rate owner satisfaction based on the percentage of surveyed owners who say that if they had to do it all over again, they would definitely buy the same car. Our latest subscriber survey collected data on more than 300,000 vehicles from model years 2014 and later.

Safety: All cars recommended by Consumer Reports must perform satisfactorily in accident-avoidance tests at our track and provide effective occupant protection based on crash tests conducted by the government and/or insurance industry (if tested). We give credit to models that have standard forward-collision warning (FCW) systems or automatic emergency braking (AEB) systems.

Subcompact Car: Toyota Yaris iA

Developed by Mazda, launched by Scion, and now marketed as a Toyota, the Yaris iA proves that subcompact cars can delight. A different model from the Toyota Yaris hatchback, the frisky iA sedan stands out in a segment filled with insubstantial models. It feels refined for this entry-level class, with a smooth and willing four-cylinder engine, slick six-speed automatic transmission, and relatively compliant ride. Mazda’s sporty DNA shines through the well-tuned steering and eager handling to bring playfulness to this affordable party. A full-featured infotainment system and standard low-speed automatic emergency braking add further appeal, making the Yaris iA a desirable no-excuses budget sedan.

Compact Car: Chevrolet Cruze

This redesigned sedan and hatchback bests two segment stalwarts, the Honda Civic and the Toyota Corolla, with an Overall Score at the top of the class. The formula is simple: Put the Malibu and Impala in a shrink ray, reducing scale but preserving the commendable driving manners and generous available features. The result is a hushed, smooth-riding sedan that’s roomy enough to be a budget-friendly alternative to a midsized car. The polished 153-hp turbocharged four-cylinder engine is lively yet frugal. The Cruze we tested returned a good 30 mpg overall, but look deeper into the data and you find that it achieved 47 mpg on the highway. Given that impressive figure, it might not be worth waiting for the diesel engine.

Compact Hybrid: Toyota Prius

The car that pioneered the hybrid movement and has defined fuel-efficiency for four model generations still stands tall as an innovative green machine. Its fuel economy in our tests was a staggering 52 mpg overall—the highest we’ve ever recorded in a car that doesn’t plug in. Prius also touts excellent reliability, a remarkable accomplishment given the inherent complexity of its hybrid powertrain. It has improved even more with its recent redesign, reducing cabin noise, improving ride comfort, and making handling more responsive. Sweetening the deal, the new Prius comes standard with a comprehensive suite of safety features. Being green has never been so easy or smart.

Sports Car: Mazda MX-5 Miata

The Mazda MX-5 Miata is the embodiment of driving pleasure. Its alchemical formula has been honed since 1990, with the core ingredients consistently being a pliant four-cylinder engine, rear-wheel drive, sharp handling, and light weight. The real magic is in how the machine responds to the driver. The modest power is harnessed to great effect with a slick-shifting manual transmission with closely spaced gear ratios. The Miata truly comes alive on winding roads, with immediate steering response and a handling balance that will make you grin. On top of all that, it gets impressive fuel economy. Fantastically fun and frugal, the Miata is spellbinding.

Midsized Sedan: Kia Optima

Move over Honda Accord and Toyota Camry: The Kia Optima rocks the midsized sedan segment as a smart alternative to the me-too mainstream. It checks all of the right boxes for family-sedan buyers, with responsive handling, a steady ride and pleasant powertrain, short stopping distances, easy-to-use controls, and a roomy backseat. The Optima is a vehicle that delivers all of these virtues in a stylish, value-laden package that’s filled with features usually found on pricier cars. With outstanding reliability and extensive warranty coverage, savvy sedan shoppers should take this recently redesigned car for a test drive.

Large Sedan: Chevrolet Impala

The Impala continues to reign as the leading large sedan. Slide behind the wheel and you can see why. Roomy, supportive seats put you in the perfect position to access the intuitive controls. Despite its prodigious size, the Impala’s handling is responsive and secure. Road imperfections are effectively absorbed, resulting in a ride reminiscent of a pricier luxury sedan. The rear seat is roomy enough for three adults, and the ample trunk can swallow their bags with ease. Sedan shoppers browsing upmarket choices would be wise to give this smart, competitively priced alternative serious consideration.

Small SUV: Subaru Forester

The Subaru Forester sets the standard for small SUVs, combining relatively roomy packaging, fuel efficiency, solid reliability, and easy access. Large windows and a boxy shape maximize room for passengers and gear in sharp contrast to style trends exhibited by competitors that compromise practicality. Big square doors aid access, and the unmatched visibility inspires driving confidence. Secure handling and a supple ride add to the appeal. Performance is decent from the standard 2.5-liter four-cylinder engine, and fuel economy is excellent at 26 mpg overall. And last, safety technology like forward-collision warning and automatic emergency braking is available on all but the base trim level.

Midsized SUV: Toyota Highlander

In this competitive segment, midsized SUVs have to do it all well, and none do it better than the Toyota Highlander. Expectations here are high, with buyers looking for family-friendly functionality, all-weather traction, three-row seating, generous cargo space, and the capability of light towing. Throw in good performance, fuel economy, and long-term reliability, and Highlander’s appeal is clear. The 2017 update sees 25 more horsepower for the V6 engine, two additional gears, and advanced safety equipment made standard. In other words, this gem of an SUV has all the right moves.

Luxury SUV: Audi Q7

The seven-passenger Q7 is the highest-rated SUV we’ve recently tested. Sumptuous and pampering, it feels more like a luxury sedan than an SUV. The quiet interior coddles riders, and it’s decked out with premium trimmings and road-trip-friendly seats. The infotainment system provides seamless interaction with phone, audio, and other functions. Despite its generous size, the Q7 has genuine agility, with road-hugging chops, a settled ride, and excellent brakes for rapid stops. Sure, it’s pricey, but it’s also rich in rewards.

Compact Pickup: Honda Ridgeline

Innovation abounds in this suburbia-targeted pickup, proving that trucks can be both refined and versatile. The Ridgeline glides along, more akin to a sedan than its roughneck rivals. It also handles far better than any compact or full-sized pickup, and it shames all nondiesel trucks for fuel economy. The Ridgeline isn’t up for big-time towing or off-road adventures, but this smartly designed truck more than makes up for that with other benefits. The lockable in-bed trunk and dual-mode tailgate add to its flexibility. Many truck buyers dream of a large, rugged behemoth, but the Ridgeline excels at the factors most noncommercial drivers with weekend warrior aspirations will appreciate."

Consumer Reports 1990'dan beri sürekli gelistirilen Mazda MX-5 Miata'yi 2017'nin en iyi spor otomobili seçmis.  Bunun da en önemli nedeni olarak sürüs keyfi ve bu aracin sürücüye verdigi yanit gösteriliyor.  Mazda MX-5'in özellikle virajli yollarda kendini gösterdiginden bahsediyor.  Dört silindirli ekonomik motor, arka tekerleklerden çekis  (rear-wheel drive), keskin sürüs ve hafiflik ise diger avantajlari.  Ayrica, birbirine yakin oranli manuel transmisyonunu da övüyor.

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AKayhan    86

Buraya Consumer Reports'dan 2016 senesine ait bir yeni araç marka güvenilirlik siralamasi eklemek istiyorum.  Bildiginiz gibi güvenilirlik (Ingilizce "reliability") ariza yapip yapmama olasiligini degerlendirir.  Bu baglamda, bu marka siralamasinda en üstte yar alan markalar istatistiksel olarak en az ariza yapan araçlara isaret eder.  Ayni sekilde, bu siralamada en altta yer alan markalar en fazla ariza yapma olasiligi olan markalardir.  Bu güvenilirlik degerlendirmeleri ABD'de binlarce araçtan alinan veriler sonucunda olusturulur.  Geçtigimiz senenin (2016) güvenilirlik degerlendirmesinde Mazda 4. sirada yer aliyor.  Bu oldukça iyi bir konumdur.  Türkiye'de güvenilirlik kavrami (özellikle de otomobilde) pek bilinen bir kavram degildir.  Asagidaki siralamada en altlarda yer alan bazi markalar maalesef ülkemizde "iyi" otomobil olarak bilinir ve bazi kisiler tonlarca para ödeyip bunlari satin alirlar.  En azindan bizler bu hatalari yapmayalim.  Salt prestij için paramizi harcamayalim.

NOT: ABD'de hiçbir Fransiz otomobili satilmaz çünkü Amerikan halki otomobil konusunda oldukça bilinçlidir ve ABD otomobil piyasasi çok rekabetçidir.  Asagidaki tabloda Fransiz markalarinin yer almamasinin nedeni budur.

2016 New-Car Predicted Reliability.jpg

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Burak    3.916

Almanya'da TÜV'ün de benzer bir raporu vardı her yıl yayınlanan. Mazda yine benzer yerde ve iyi bir orana sahipti ama sıralamada Alman otomobilleri daha üstteydi. Bir de onlar sınıf sınıf ayırmıştı. B-C-D segmenti gibi.

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AKayhan    86

Automotive Turkeys of 2017

Disappointing cars and tires that are at the bottom of CR's ratings

There's a lot to be thankful for in the automotive world. Cars are more sophisticated than ever, with continued innovations in fuel economy, and entertainment and safety features. But even as cars improve, there are still some turkeys—those models that just don’t keep pace with the state of the art.

Here, CR highlights the cars and tires that come up short in our current ratings. Remember, as new test data and survey results become available, and models are retired, different models will capture the turkey designation.

Bu makalede Consumer Reports 2017 senesinin en kötü araçlarini ve de lastiklerini seçmis.

Worst Overall Score: Jeep Wrangler JK

En kötü puana sahip araç Jeep Wrangler JK olmus.  Bu araç Türkiye'de satiliyor mu, bilmiyorum ama umarim satiliyorsa bile pek fazla alan yoktur.

Worst Road-Test Score: Jeep Wrangler JK

En kötü yol testi yine Jeep Wrangler JK olarak belirlenmis.

Worst Predicted Reliability: Cadillac Escalade/Tesla Model X (tie)

En kötü güvenilirlik (aracin ariza yapma olasiligi, istatistiksel olarak) Cadillac Escalade ve Tesla Model X olarak çikmis.

Worst Owner Satisfaction Score: Acura ILX

En kötü müsteri tatmini skoru Acura ILX olarak belirlenmis.  Acura markasi, Honda Motor Company tarafindan üretilir.  Türkiye'de Acura bulunmuyor.

Worst Fuel Economy: Nissan Armada/Toyota Land Cruiser (tie)

En kötü yakit ekonomisi Nissan Armada ve Toyota Land Cruiser olarak belirlenmis.  Bildigim kadariyla bunlarin ikisi de V8 ve ülkemizde pek satilmiyor.

Worst Accident-Avoidance Score: Toyota Tundra

Olasi bir kazadan kaçinmada en kötü araç Toyota Tundra imis.  Sanirim bu da Türkiye'de yok.

Worst Winter-Driving Performance: Ford Focus

En kötü kis (kar) performansina sahip araç Ford Focus imis.

Worst All-Season Tire: GT Radial Champiro VP1

En kötü all-season lastigi GT Radial Champiro VP1 imis.

Worst Winter/Snow Tire: Firestone WinterForce

En kötü kar lastigi Firestone WinterForce olarak belirlenmis.


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